Our publications

Below is a selection of our latest publications reflecting our latest thinking and work on some of the most important market and business topics.



This section sheds light on the repository of results produced by LGI as a partner in several EU H2020 projects.

STARS (Shared mobility opporTunities And challenges foR European citieS)
Summary: Car sharing organisations can be classified into five main types of business models, based upon their operational characteristics: 1) free-floating with an operational area; 2) free-floating with pool stations; 3) roundtrip, home-zone based; 4) roundtrip, station-based; 5) peer-to-peer (P2P). Each business model has its own distinct characteristics, partner tendencies and pricing habits. These are explored in more detail.
Summary: The present report is intended to advance understanding of how mobility sharing practices are influenced by the arrival of digital technologies, transport innovations, the emergence of social innovation patterns and mobility behaviour and choices. Specifically, we tried to answer the following questions: • What are the technology factors and transport innovations that are shaping the new era of mobility and particularly the future of car sharing? What is their impact on the mobility sector and their related challenges? • Which social innovation patterns are driving the new era of urban mobility? • How are car sharing adoption trends influenced by the evolution of sociodemographic characteristics, mobility behaviours and use of web 2.0 services? • What are the main drivers, barriers and KPI’s to deploy car sharing in urban areas?
GENIORS (GEN IV integrated oxide fuels recycling strategies)
Summary: The GENIORS Horizon 2020 project focuses on improving current recycling of spent nuclear fuel and future multiple recycling strategies to be implemented in the 4th generation of reactors expected to enter operation by 2030. The deliverable presents a mapping of the different status and alternatives for each ESNII concept waste treatment process. The study undertakes a comparative assessment of the different recycling needs and options considered and identifies the facilities that could integrate the reprocessing options at EU level.
ENTRUST (Energy system transition through stakeholder activation, education and skills development)
Abstract: D4.5 “Policy Toolkit” is designed for policymakers and practitioners whose work ultimately seeks to engage people and influence their behaviour, resulting in improved outcomes. It outlines a step-by-step methodology to explore opportunities in the energy sector; understand the multiple factors that influence the way people act every day; map existing policy interventions to address these factors; identify gaps and new ideas; engage stakeholders; and prioritise and develop the best policy mix. Moreover, it presents a set of policy recommendations aimed at reducing the environmental impact from energy consumption. The toolkit covers both the supply and demand sides of the energy sector. That is, transport, buildings, and local energy production.
Abstract: This task focused on the impact of the energy market on behavioural change, by reviewing market-driven approaches in supporting sustainable energy policies. D4.3 provides a quantitative analysis on the use of market-based instruments (MBIs) in six EU countries (Germany, France, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy and Spain) with specific attention on differences between their strategic orientations. It also highlights particularly successful uses of MBIs and identifies the best practises to be replicated in the future applications of similar instruments for various areas of application: energy efficiency in buildings, low-emission vehicles, energy production from renewable sources and greenhouse gas reduction.
Abstract: Despite all the efforts to date to shape the European project including the energy dimension, complete integration of energy infrastructures and markets has not been achieved. Based on this observation, deliverable D4.2 analyses the development of the European energy policy through the concept of Europeanisation. Defined as dynamic process of policy transfer under the influence of several actors – European Commission, European Parliament, European Council, Member States and the lobbyists – Europeanisation helps to understand the balance of power both at national and European levels that steers the implementation of energy policies in Europe.
Abstract: D4.1 “Report on policy & regulation landscape” assesses the transition potential of the 6 ENTRUST countries. It provides, for each country, a review of its main energy policies and regulations. Then, it assesses how it performs against 5 KPIs, derived from the new institutionalism theory and environmental and climate policy integration frameworks. This theory serves to flesh out some of the complexities of energy policy for transition and to understand the influence of political institutions and paradigms on the path and speed of transition. It was found that the 6 countries have entered the energy transition, with Germany, France and UK having the most promising political orientations.
Abstract: D2.3 comprises a mapping of the emerging business models in the energy system, as well as the clarification of its role, elements, sources of innovation, and main barriers that slow down the transition towards a more sustainable system. A specific classification of types of innovation and the ENTRUST framework tool are created, to examine emerging business models along the supply chain and understand how an organization creates and delivers value, makes money and visualises its structure. In addition, an analysis is conducted to identify which type of innovation is occurring in every sector and at what specific stage of the value chain.
Abstract: The objectives of D2.1 are to develop an energy actor-network typology and to appreciate the complexity of the factors involved in the transition towards a more sustainable energy era. A stakeholders analysis, in terms of mapping the direct and indirect influences on the energy system, and the actors that comprise it, is here presented, to develop insights on the energy models of Ireland, UK, Spain, Italy, France, Germany, and at the EU level. The multiplicity of fields that interconnect with, and within, the energy system emerging from this study indicates the complexity of the energy system itself, as well as some of the complexities involved in its transition to sustainability.
S2S4E (Climate services for clean energy)
Abstract: The S2S4E project aims at developing a Decision Support Tool (DST) that forecasts RE production and electricity demand for future weeks and months thanks to sub-seasonal to seasonal (S2S) climate predictions. This deliverable presents the results of an assessment of energy policies and interventions that directly or indirectly influence the use of S2S forecasts. It provides an overview of the existing policy framework and studies its impact on the demand of S2S forecasts, at European level and in the seven countries of origin of S2S4E partners (i.e. France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, Sweden, and Norway).
SCRREEN (Solutions for CRitical Raw materials - a European Expert Network)
Abstract: This study aimed at assessing the major trends affecting future demand for CRMs. Rather than addressing this topic through a CRM-by-CRM approach, an approach based on industrial applications and sectors was preferred. This approach facilitated the identification of demand drivers since the consumer preferences, the economics, the technological, environmental, legal and even political aspects related to an application are easier to analyse than those related to the macro-sectors used to analyse CRM demand in top-down approaches. Besides, the analytical framework of a CRM-by-CRM approach is usually unsuitable to emerging applications and breakthrough technologies and unfamiliar for the general public and decision makers. Thus, based on appropriate practical and theoretical tools (multi-level perspective, PESTEL framework), this study pursued 4 main objectives: - Analyse a series of applications covering the broadest part of future CRM requirements - Identify a series of drivers affecting the future demand of CRMs in these applications - Involve experts to validate these drivers and quantify the trends as much as possible - Compile the drivers affecting a whole sector and highlight the most important; provide a synthesis of the trends per CRM for those involved in several applications. In the end, this study covered 12 applications involving 20 CRMs. 5 CRMs have been covered not for their main applications (B, Ba, Hf, W, V) but because they are involved in the main application of other CRMs. As a result, the study covers a low share of their consumption. The coverage rate (percentage of current EU apparent consumption R1 covered in the study) for natural graphite is also low but the reason is different: the applications involving this CRM are emerging and the future requirement for these applications are expected to exceed the total current consumption by 2035...
RAGTIME (Risk based approaches for asset integrity multimodal transport infrastructure management)
These projects have received funding from the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme. Their content reflects only the author(s)’s views. The European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

Below is a selection of our latest publications reflecting our latest thinking and work on some of the most important market and business topics.

Water series

Transport series